“The fresh new Nigger Mountain” Exodus and you will Conflict Told by Local Historian” (Undated newspaper blog post; possess an enthusiastic Editor’s Notice- “So it papers is realize because of the George Pence just before a shared conference of your own Bartholomew Condition Historical Society in addition to Domestic Literary Pub held inside the honor on Procurer Playground, July 30 1927.”)
“Early Facts away from African Us americans in the Bartholomew State, Indiana.” [Some of these material copied to own Bartholomew County EAASHI project data files, Summer 2014]
Robbins, Coy D. “Black Agreements in the Indiana Associated with the Akron, CO women personals fresh new African Methodist Episcopal Church 1840-1845,” because wrote on the African Methodist Episcopal Chapel Mag, George Hogarth, ed. (Built-up from Minutes, Indiana Annual Fulfilling, African Methodist Chapel, 1840-1845.)
They boasted of obtaining the most effective and you will greatly rich prairie house (VanNatta). With regards to the early censuses, there are zero African People in america located in Benton County out-of 1840 as a result of 1870. Inside the 1880, there are 6 some body, all single folks from Kentucky, Indiana and you may Illinois, whose surnames have been Corington, Curtes, Shelby and you will Wheat. It has worked just like the farm laborers, housekeepers and you will barbers. Audrey Werle’s browse for the African Americans given no analysis to own Benton Condition, so there is actually no evidence of an outlying settlement otherwise area off African Us americans.
Audrey C. Werle “Search Cards on Indiana Ebony Record,” Meters 792, William Henry Smith Memorial Library, Indiana Historical Area, Indianapolis, Indiana
The new 19th century Ebony society in the Blackford State was minimal. From inside the 1840 the new government census expressed a maximum of 13 100 % free people of colour staying in this new state marketed below: Arizona Township, population 2; Slurping Township, populace step one; and you may Harrison Township, population ten. The newest ten somebody for the Harrison Township stayed in a single home going from the Jefferson Slope. The family provided 2 guys significantly less than ten; step three men ten so you’re able to 23; 1 male 36-52; 2 ladies 10 so you can 23; step 1 feminine 24 in order to thirty five; and you will 1 women 55 in order to 99.
From inside the 1850 the entire black colored population about county decrease so you can 11 with seven someone staying in Slurping Township and you will four somebody staying in Harrison Township. The brand new Jefferson Slope domestic try went from Blackford County. It would arrive it relocated east over the county range so you can neighboring Jay County, Penn Township. By 1850 Jefferson Hill, a Virginia native is actually a great 56-year-dated farmer. The rest of the house integrated Delilah Hill, years forty, born within the Kansas, about three Mountain pupils born during the Indiana (Henderson, many years nine; Eliza, many years 6; and you can Lydia, ages 3). Another members of the family was in fact Sally Hill, years 24, produced for the Virginia; James Hill, years 19, created inside Kansas; and you can Sibba Hill, years 83, born in the Virginia.
Jefferson Hill was still agriculture, and you can Sibby (Sibba) Slope was still real time at 102! This was about good twenty-seasons years difference from the past census.
From inside the 1870 you can find all in all, 14 African Us americans in Blackford State all remaining in Licking Township. Audrey Werle’s 1870 Index out of Thoughts away from Houses lists the next names: Larenzo Brooks, a 34 year old barber; Eco-friendly Rodgers, 34; and you will James E. Frazier, 36, aforementioned a couple just who run brand new railroad.
Inside 1860 brand new Slope family members was still residing in Penn Township, Jay County, inside a fairly additional setup
About coming ages, there is certainly proof racial separation in the county. Earliest, about 1920s new Ku-klux Klan mainly based an effective visibility on county. Disguised and you will robed professionals took part in high public rallies. Second, abreast of new 1940 loss of the brand new well respected government and you will master professional within an effective corrugated paper organization, George Stevens, people regarding Hartford Town was “numb having surprise” to discover that this new recognized person in their community was not white.